Wing Chun Kuen Forms
The Wing Chun Kuen forms are an important element in Wing Chun training, they help perfect positioning and structure of each tool, and enable the student to practise the correct technique, also the development of power and energy.
The Wing Chun Kuen system consists of Siu-Nim-Tao ‘The Little Idea’, Chum-Kiu ‘Seeking Bridge’, Biu-Tze ‘Darting Fingers’ and Mook-Yan-Chong ‘Wooden Man’ these 4 forms consists of sequences of tools and techniques that help develop good understanding of the movements used in combat, students develop a strong stance, balanced stepping, correct positioning, tool structure, explosive energy and much more.
A student will practise the forms differently, depending on their experience level, for example: Siu-Nim-Tao, would first be practised for precise positioning of the tool and the transitioning between tools, once the student has the correct positions for each tool, they will then begin to develop fluidity, only when the student can flow through the form correctly without pausing for thought can they start to develop the appropriate explosive energy. Finally the student has a deeper understanding of how to use their body to generate power and speed, this is where short-bridge power starts to be trained, a concentrated explosive energy from a short distance.
Siu-Nim-Tao ‘the little idea’
This is the first of the Wing Chun Kuen forms and is the most important of all forms, it is considered to be like learning the alphabet to aid communication. It is taught from the beginner level. It is the beginning of the Wing Chun Kuen concepts, translates as ‘the little idea’ or ‘small concepts’, Siu-Nim-Tao consists of stance development, correct positioning of wrists and elbows, the form teaches the majority of the tools and techniques used in the Wing Chun Kuen system, it also helps the student to understand the correct elbow pressure while maintaining relaxed muscularity.
Over a number of years the student will practise the Siu-Nim-Tao form using different energy, this will depend on their experience level.
Chum Kiu ‘seeking bridge’
The second of the Wing Chun Kuen forms and is taught to Foundation & Intermediate level students, this form is known as the bridge-seeking form or searching bridge, it teaches the student many elements of combat, including: shifting, stepping, knee strikes, kicking techniques, elbow strikes, joint destruction, bridging techniques and develops hip power.
To develop improved timing and coordination, A student should have a good understanding of the Siu-Nim-Tao tools as they will practise two different tools simultaneously in the Chum-Kiu form.
Biu Tze ‘darting fingers’
The third of the Wing Chun Kuen forms, student’s that have reached the advanced level, will practise Biu-Tze, now they have developed control and a good understanding of Siu-Nim-Tao and Chum-Kiu.
Often referred to as the ’emergency form’, The Biu-Tze form contains many ideas to recover your structure when in combat. The Biu Tze form also contains many dangerous tools and techniques.
When practising the tool and techniques with a partner, one must train with care. This form develops elastic energy with a very heavy whipping force, it also helps the student to develop long and short bridge power.
It takes a number of years for a Wing Chun Student to develop the necessary requirements in their body to be able to perform the Biu-Tze form correctly.
Muk Yan Chong ‘wooden dummy’
The fourth of the Wing Chun Kuen forms, Expert level students learn this wooden dummy form, having a good understanding of the 3 previous forms.
It is essentially a training tool, that helps develop all of the aspects of Wing Chun Kuen skills including short-bridge power, correcting position of the tool and transition of technique.
It also strengthens and toughens your limbs in preparation for contact. Students of all levels can use the dummy as a training aid to perfect their individual techniques and tools.